As Learner's Licence is valid for 180 days, you need to apply for a Permanent Licence within these 180 days. You can apply for a Permanent Licence after 30 days from the date of issuance of Learners licence but before 180 days from getting your Learner's Licence. For getting a Permanent Licence, you need to pass a driving test. After passing the driving test, the Learner's licence may be surrendered in exchange for a Permanent Licence (full Indian licence) for the relevant kind of vehicle. A permanent licence is valid for 20 years from the date of issue or till the licence holders turns 50 years of age, whichever happens earlier. The driving licence is required to be renewed on expiry of its validity.
You are eligible for Permanent Licence, if
For obtaining a Permanent Licence, you must have a valid Learner's Licence, and must apply after 30 days and within 180 days of issue of the Learner's Licence. You should be conversant about vehicle systems, driving, traffic rules regulations.